Developing Cognitive Skills: Infographics for CAVES!

The video embedded below was prepared as a Discovery Session opportunity for the Ashford University Teaching and Learning Conference in November 2015. You are encouraged to post a comment here or contact me individually to discuss infographics and to share your infographics.

View on YouTube:

Example citations for this session to use are:

Johnson, L. (2015). Developing cognitive skills: Infographics for CAVES! [Video file]. Retrieved from

Johnson, L. (2015). Developing cognitive skills: Infographics for CAVES! [Weblog post]. Retrieved from

Session Outcomes

1. Distinguish infographics from other graphic formats

2. Recognize the characteristics of an effective infographic

3. Recognize instructional strategies for using infographics

4. Locate existing infographics for use in instructional designs

5. Recall technologies for creating effective infographics

6. Plan use of familiar technologies to create infographics


Criteria for Evaluating Infographics

These criteria are meant to be a starting set of considerations for anyone creating a rubric or other evaluation tool for assessing infographics you create or learners create in coursework.

  • Has a (main) point
  • Is Data driven
  • Includes references
  • Includes high impact visuals
  • Designed with high contrast colors
  • Utilizes consistent color scheme
  • Is accessible… i.e., minimal text describing visuals

Remember, when creating infographics, you and your learners are employing and sharpening higher-order cognitive skills – remember these verbs as you write outcomes and objectives for infographics – CAVES:

  • Creating
  • Aggregating
  • Visualizing
  • Evaluating
  • Synthesizing

Session Resources

Below are several of the resources shared in the video. If you know of other resources about infographics you would like to share, please post in a comment to this post!

Books About Infographics

Krum, R. (2013). Cool infographics: Effective communication with data visualization. Wiley. ISBN-13: 978-1118582305.

Meyer, E. K. (1997). Designing infographics. Hayden Books. ISBN-13: 978-1568303390.

Beegel, J. (2014). Infographics for dummies. For Dummies. ISBN-13: 978-1118792384.

Websites About Infographics

Ross,  A. (2009, June 7). Infographic designs: Overview, examples, and best practices. Retrieved from

Schrock, K. (2010-2014). Infographics as creative assessment. Retrieved from

Resources for Finding Existing Infographics

Google Images:


Web-Based Infographic Creation Tools*

*Remember, though, for non-technology intensive courses or to avoid issues with requiring 3rd party / web-based tools as part of your instructional designs, consider using familiar and common technologies such as Microsoft PowerPoint or Word, or possible, Google Slides and Docs.


Facilitating Online Learning

Facilitation is an art as much as a science online or in any learning environment, to be sure. Every educator who acts as a facilitator of learning will have some unique components to their style that represents their personality and experiences. Many times, without even knowing it, a facilitator will ascribe to a specific theory of combination of theories of learning.

To learn about the variety of learning theories that can inform facilitation, review the Culatta (2013) website on Learning Theories.

To expand your thinking about online facilitation, consider the information shared in the National College for Teaching and Leadership (n.d.) Advanced Facilitation course and, particularly, the information in the image below about online learning behaviors that is shared in the Module 6 of the course for inspiration about online facilitation in discussion-based learning environments.

Zones of Online Facilitation

Models of Online Learning Behaviors Source: National College for Teaching and Leadership (n.d.) Advanced Facilitation Course.

Considering the graphic above and your experiences with discussion facilitation in your online courses, do you find yourself experiencing all of these zones in your classes? How have the instructional design and technology choices in your classes influenced how much you have experienced each zone? Please provide your thoughts in a comment.

~ Lisa Johnson, Ph.D.


Cullatta, R. (2013). Learning theories. Retrieved from

National College for Teaching and Leadership (n.d.) Advanced facilitation [Online course]. Retrieved from